Cultivation Artemisia afra

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Prepare the plot for transplanting at the same time as the seedbed. These operations are labor intensive and can be time consuming. They should be done about 2 months before planting.

Fence off,

if possible, he growing area to avoid damage from wandering animals.

Cattle should not be allowed to enter the growing area [1].

Clear, harrow and surface

plough only if necessary. Avoid slash-and-burn agriculture which destroys soil life!



to remove stones and weeds.

Apply organic fertilisers

if the soil is poor (see AGRISUD Guide [2] p 97 to 103 - Organic manure).


to loosen the soil and form cultivation beds or ridges as appropriate.

Dig furrows

(drainage channels) to drain the soil if the crop is grown in the rainy season.


Make a hole

approximately one hand deep (approx 20 cm, depending on the roots).

Water the hole

generously to loosen the soil and facilitate transplanting and recovery of young plants (in an intensive cultivation system with irrigation, irrigate the plot for 4 hours, about 15mm).

Crumble the soil

to remove any lumps and mix in a large handful of compost (approx 200 g).


the seedbed or propagation site to loosen the soil before removing the plants.


the seedling, keeping a clod of earth around the roots!

Make a small basin

around the plant to retain water close to the roots.

Water each plant generously

morning and evening every day using a watering can, hose, sprinkler or drip for the first 3 months. Irrigate early in the morning and late in the evening or at night to reduce evaporation and consequent water loss.

3 months after transplanting the Artemisia afra, if it is properly established, watering can be limited to 2 or 3 times a week


regularly after transplanting and then every month as required.

Add compost

after each weeding

For best results, add 1 handful of compost 1 month after transplanting, 2 handfuls 2 months after transplanting, 3 handfuls 3 months after transplanting and 4 handfuls 4 months after transplanting.

IMPORTANT: Do not cover the leaves to avoid the risk of burning!  Spread the compost in a circle around each plant

Do not flood the soil, but moisten it well. Reduce watering according to rainfall during the rainy season.

Nutrient inputs differ according to the type of compost. Compost made with poultry droppings provides about 3 times more nitrogen than compost made with donkey manure, cattle manure, pig manure or green waste. Triple doses of non-poultry manure compost!

Monitor plants regularly

and act quickly in case of disease (such as the appearance of mould if watering is too heavy) or pests (goats, rabbits, cattle, termites, grasshoppers, ...)!

Provide shelter

if necessary, from the sun or wind when young plants are first planted out.

Do not worry

about variations in the shape and height of the plants.


1..World Health Organisation. WHO monograph on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for Artemisia annua L. 2006.
2. AGRISUD. L’agroécologie en pratiques – GUIDE édition 2020. (Agroecology best practices)